CONSIDERATIONS FOR AESTHETIC SURGERY IN CUBA

1-Aesthetics and health. The debate is still endless because the search for beauty, beyond the superficial, can also be a guarantee of emotional health, psychological stability, high self-esteem and general well-being.

2-Plastic surgery professionals also work in the field of reconstructive surgery and caumatology and state that the safety of the procedure and the training of professionals who put it into practice must prevail in the first place.

3-It is necessary to be of legal age to opt for cosmetic surgery in Cuba. Like any medical-surgical procedure that has a legal background and risks, if you are a minor you must have the approval of the parents or legal guardians. We always recommend that if it is not strictly necessary, wait until the age of majority for any cosmetic surgery, either to seek better aesthetic results or because it is purely elective surgical procedures (cosmetic surgery), not essential for your life. Remember that undergoing a surgical operation in this case is a very personal decision that requires awareness and full maturity.

4-There is no specific number of cosmetic or reconstructive surgeries that can be performed by a person. Above all, it must be evaluated by a specialist, who will determine, according to their aspirations, what is their best aesthetic option, according to factors as variable as the type of patient, age, underlying diseases and magnitude of the procedure, among others.

5-Cosmetic surgery is a complement to improve the quality of life of people, so it does not in any way replace healthy habits such as a good diet, avoid toxic habits or frequent practice of physical exercise. In fact, many times a surgery is not necessary or its magnitude decreases, with far superior results. The patient must be aware and responsible for their health, of having lifestyles that maintain the results of the procedure that is carried out.

6-In medicine, and particularly with regard to plastic surgery, one of the elements taken into account is the racial biotype. Age is also a factor that is valued depending on the patient's desire.

7-Elderly patients, although there are "simple procedures", all require the expertise, experience and "aesthetic vision" of a plastic surgeon. We mean that there are sick people, not diseases (old medical adage). Therefore, each treatment must be individualized, since not always what a patient requests is their best aesthetic or technically possible option.

In the elderly, we must take into account the compensation for their underlying diseases, since we are talking about purely elective procedures, in which the risk must be minimal and the benefit as high as possible.

8-After the operation has been performed, you must follow the instructions of the plastic surgeon who operated on you, since he is the one who knows the characteristics of the patient, the details of his procedure and therefore the limitations and possible evolution, among others. Generally, three months after surgery, as long as they have not been complex dermolipectomies, patients can gradually incorporate themselves fully into their lives, without excess. Physical exercises must be dosed and increased progressively. Aerobes, and any activity that tones the muscles, improve the results of the procedure.

9-When speaking of plastic surgery, the term also includes reconstructive surgery, one that guarantees not only an aesthetic result, but also the return of function to the affected area.

10-Rhinoplasty is a complex intervention but generally without danger to life. If there are signs of aging, then we can consider this type of surgery. We can find these elements in young people, although the age limit is not as determining as the physical and health conditions. Many people believe that it is a magical intervention that will return them to the freshness of 15 years and it is not as it is, because although it is guaranteed to look younger, it is not a step back in time.

The fundamental motivations for performing surgery in the area of ​​cervicofacial rejuvenation are related to the loss of the eyebrows, the appearance of horizontal or transverse wrinkles in the eyebrows, excess skin on the eyelids and the appearance of fat pockets in that zone, loss of jaw contour and the presence of so-called puppet lines, chin drop and loss of angularity in the neck, among others.

Rhinoplasty is the aesthetic procedure indicated for those who want to modify the size and shape of their nose as well as improve their respiratory function in case of deformities in their septum.

We perform reducing rhinoplasty on those noses of large dimensions and augmentative ones for flat or poorly developed ones. In addition we can do other procedures to model or perfect the features according to aesthetic patterns worldwide, either in the nasal tip, the wings, the back, the nostrils and in general in all the nose regions.

Rhinoplasties are not recommended in people over 40 years of age because the ability of the skin to adapt to structural changes is important, which is most noticeable before the age of 30.

11-How many people long for cosmetic surgery after which they look slim and slender? But liposculpture is not a method of treating obesity.

Liposculpture is the surgical treatment that we perform to treat the areas of the body where fat deposits are found, such as the abdomen, the trochanteric regions and the arms, among others. It is not only about removing these accumulations of fat, but also performing lipoinjection in other areas where it is in demand.

With this procedure we obtain a body shaping, both in men and women. Lately they want to lose fat, in the abdomen and the lumbar regions and they also request a lot of high definition surgery to obtain the well-known “squares”, a request that has also increased lately in the female population.

Not everyone can be candidates for this surgical intervention. "We are rigorous in the selection of patients because although people generally think that it is a simple surgery, because it is among the most performed globally, it is certainly one of the riskiest and that the highest mortality it has associated, depending on the time and the volume of fat extracted. Furthermore, its performance leads to the modification of the metabolic, biochemical and hepatic mechanisms of the organism.

Post-surgery follow-up is essential, and the patient must respect the measures indicated by their attending physician.

The most frequent general complications are associated with the most feared, ranging from fatty and pulmonary thromboembolism, septic shock and severe anemia, to local infection and bruising, among others.

The criteria established for the classification of the patient must be highly respected, as long as we do not operate on people with a body mass index above 30 until they lose weight before, nor on those with a history of thrombotic diseases in the lower limbs or with presence varicose veins, or those who take oral contraceptives, among other exceptions.

RELATED AESTHETIC SURGERY TREATMENTS
Mastopexy. Remodeling the shape of the breasts
Increasing Mastoplasty. Increase breast volume through prosthesis
Reductive Mastoplasty.  Reduction of breast volume
Abdominoplasty. Skin tightening and removal of abdominal fat
Liposuction. Aspiration the fat of the body
Blepharoplasty.  Removal of loose skin and fat from the eyelids
Rhytidectomy. Wrinkle stretch on face
Rhinoplasty.  Rectification of nose defects
Otoplasty.  Rectification of the defects of the ears
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