When the kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste build up in the body, and this can raise your blood pressure and cause kidney failure, which is a terminal kidney disease, also called end-stage renal disease. End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost approximately 90 percent of their ability to function normally.
Once the chronic nature of the kidney disease process has been presented and the decrease in renal function has been established, it is necessary to present the different options for renal replacement therapy. At that time, the patient should be evaluated by nephrologists in specific pre-dialysis or clinical nephrology consultations, where the different treatment options will be presented. Among them, the two purification techniques such as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation.
Kidney transplantation involves the removal of a kidney from a previously healthy individual (cadaver or live) and its placement in a patient with end-stage chronic renal failure and incompatible with life.
Surgery is performed when the patient-donor compatibility has been demonstrated through previous studies of histocompatibility.
Appropriately indicated renal transplant is, therefore, the treatment of choice for patients with terminal chronic renal failure because it offers a better evolution of the disease and its lower costs.
Kidney transplant is considered the most effective form of treatment for kidney failure. When a kidney is successfully transplanted, it can completely replace kidney function.
Medical Programs for Kidney Transplant