Cosmetic Surgery

Liposuction or Lipoaspiration. Extraction of fat or Adipose Tissue


Liposuction is the removal of fat or adipose tissue from various sites of the body. Liposuction surgery, or lipoaspiration, is a cosmetic surgery that allows a reshaping of the silhouette through the extraction of fat or adipose tissue from various sites of the body. This technique was invented by the Italian, Giorgio Fischer, in 1974 and the first to use it for aesthetic purposes was the French surgeon Gerard Yves Illouz. LIPOSUCTION is one of the most practiced procedures in the world every day. When performed by a plastic surgeon, it is a procedure that produces excellent results.

Liposuction. Fat removal and transfer Aesthetic Surgery in Cuba

Contents of this page:

  1. Liposuction
  2. How the surgery is done
  3. Best results
  4. Most suitable age
  5. Post-operative care
  6. When to resume your activity
  7. Against indications of liposuction
  8. Surgery programs
The purpose of this operation is to mold the patient's body and reduce weight, but strictly it is not a treatment for the control of obesity; the adipose tissue is not extracted from the whole body, but only from some areas, the most common being the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, arms and neck. This is the reason why some doctors have preferred to use the term liposculpture, which best expresses the purpose of this surgery, since what is sought is "sculpting" the patient's body.
There are also cases in which liposuction can be performed with the purpose of reducing a few centimeters of waist or hips to achieve a better appearance.
Although apparently simple, it is not an easy intervention. The plastic surgeon must have extensive surgical experience, very precise knowledge of body morphology and anatomy, in addition to a certain artistic sensitivity, since at the same time to aspirate localized adiposity, you must model the body contour three-dimensionally and it will depend on the surface of the skin is flat and even.
Liposuction surgery, liposuction, liposuction or liposculpture are different terms that are used, but the technique is basically the same: whether it is called "ultrasonic" or "laser" does not change the fundamental fact that is to aspirate the adiposities.

Ultrasonic liposuction: it is performed with a special cannula that produces ultrasonic energy. As it passes through the treated areas, the ultrasound causes the explosion of the adipose cells, liquefying the fat that is then extracted with the traditional technique.

Liposculpture: the fat is sculpted in the manner of a sculpture, emphasizing the surgeon's artistic qualities which, although they must always exist, are used here for other purposes.
Laser liposuction: it uses the same philosophy of ultrasound (treatment of the fat cells by destruction) but with the laser, burning them, to then aspirate the dissolved fat.
"Power" Liposuction: method that facilitates the surgeon a faster and less forced aspiration, because it uses a hydraulic machine that gives the cannula used back and forth movements of 2 mm.


Liposuction surgery is a surgical act, therefore it must be performed in the operating room of a clinic and not in a doctor's office, which does not have the minimum aseptic conditions and equipment.

The plastic surgeon must evaluate the general condition of the patient, the existing fat deposits, the tone and firmness of the skin, if the patient's weight is relatively normal.

If the patient, besides presenting adiposities, suffers from cellulite, it is important that the surgeon informs her that cellulite is a fibrous tissue and liposuction can only improve the cellulite aspect, but does not eliminate it.
The intervention usually lasts between 1 and 2 hours, and can be performed with different types of anesthesia:
Local anesthesia: If only small amounts of fat tissue will be treated in a few places. Removes sensitivity only to the affected areas.
Peridural anesthesia: Often used during childbirth. May be a good option in more extensive operations
General anesthesia: Especially if a large volume of tissue is to be removed.

Initially, a small incision is made, enough to be able to introduce a thin hollow tube called a liposuction cannula. The surgeon moves the cannula between the fatty deposits under the skin, breaking up the fat and suctioning it out. Once the operation is completed, no sutures are needed. A girdle, stockings or elastic bandage is placed over the treated area to control swelling and help the skin adapt to the new contour.


The best benefits with liposuction surgery are obtained in those people with firm and elastic skin, who have adiposities located in some areas of the body and with a weight close to normal. It is not advisable to perform it in patients who are overweight in excess of 20%. The most successful results are obtained from well-localized adiposities, being to a lesser extent those which, due to inheritance-family characteristics, have a disproportion of the thickness of the lower limbs in relation to the context of the thorax and height.

Liposuction is a very effective technique to provide a new body contour with minimal scars. The results will be prolonged, as long as you maintain a proper diet and exercise periodically. If you gain weight, you will do it in a more homogeneous way.

As in all cases of cosmetic surgery, good results are obtained from a good indication in which false expectations are not created and of course, the use of an excellent surgical technique.


It does not matter how old you are to undergo liposuction surgery. The most important thing is the "age of the skin", which needs to have elasticity to adhere to the body after the fat is removed. Otherwise, the skin will be "hanging". There are women who are around 20 years old and have flaccid skin because they have gained weight and lost weight many times. In these cases, the recommended technique is plastic surgery, or abdominoplasty so that the excess skin can be removed. A liposuction can be performed up to 55 years of age, as long as the person is healthy and the excess fat is not removed. The appropriate age would be after 18 years old and before 45 years old, to obtain better results.

Postoperative care

1. Rest for 24 hours after the operation.
2. Do not shower during the first 24 hours.
3. Wear a special girdle for 1 month.
4. Perform lymphatic drainage sessions.
5. Take the medication (antibiotic and anti-inflammatory) recommended by the surgeon.
6. Do not take aspirin.

Resuming the activity

Healing is a gradual process and you will begin to feel better enough to resume your usual activity a few days after surgery. Your surgeon will probably instruct you to walk as soon as possible, but sports activity should be avoided during the first month. Sutures are removed or absorbed within the first ten days.
You will notice an almost immediate difference in the contour of your body, despite the edema that will be gradually reabsorbed. After three months, the residual edema disappears and the shape is definitive.
You will feel that your clothes fit looser, it is the ideal time to incorporate a healthy diet and an adequate exercise plan to maintain and improve these advantages.

Liposuction will be contraindicated or there will be increased risks in patients:

1. With respiratory or cardiac problems.
2. With excess weight.
3. If the results of the studies prior to the operation are not normal.
4. If the patient has had recent surgery in the area to be treated.
5. If the patient has poor blood circulation.


Proceed Surgically
Neck and  double chin  liposuction.
Suction-assisted neck fat removal
Arm liposuction.
Suction-assisted arms fat removal
Abdominal liposuction.
Suction-assisted abdomen fat removal
Hip liposuction.
Suction-assisted Hips fat removal
Thigh liposuction.
Suction-assisted thigh fat removal
Knees lipossction.
Suction-assisted knees fat removal
Thigh, hips, abdomen liposuction. 
Combined suction-assisted fat removal
Hips, gluts liposuctio.
Combined suction-assisted fat removal
Lipoaspiration of thighs and hips.
Combined fat aspiration
Lumbar  liposuction.
Suction-assisted inferior back fat removal
Abdominal and lumbar liposuction.
Combined suction-assisted fat removal
Prices are in USD
The prices of this program are referential and are subject to change after the evaluation made by the specialists with the information you send. The medical program includes a personalized budget.
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