Nasal Polypectomy. Medical Program for Minimum Access
Nasal polyps are small, soft, noncancerous growths of soft tissue masses that can form inside the sinuses and nose. Although they are not painful, they can be larger and block their airways, making it difficult to breathe and swallow.
Generally, there is no complete cure for nasal polyps, since they usually return if you tend to have them.
Surgery for nasal polyps, which is known as nasal polypectomy, is usually considered when other forms of treatment do not provide lasting relief of symptoms
Causes of nasal polyps:
Chronic inflammation of any kind is apparently the trigger for the formation of polyps. When they are multiple they are related to chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, cystic fibrosis among others. When it is a single polyp, it may be benign or malignant, and in the case of children it may be a congenital lesion.
Scientists are not completely sure why the polyps are generated in the nose. It is not clear why some people develop chronic inflammation or why inflammation causes the formation of polyps in some people and not in others. Inflammation occurs in the fluid-producing lining (mucous membrane) of the nose and sinuses. There is evidence that shows that people who develop polyps have different immune system responses and different chemical markers in the mucous membrane than those who do not develop polyps.
Symptoms of nasal polyps:
The symptoms of polyps will depend mainly on the size of the polyp. A small polyp usually does not produce symptoms and can be diagnosed only during a routine examination.
When the polyp are multiple or have a significant size they produce:
Hyposmia (decreased smell) or anosmia (absence of smell)
The polyps are benign, but they can grow until they completely obstruct the nasal passages.
They tend to produce extremely annoying symptoms for the patient: an absolute inability to breathe through the nose, complete loss of smell and taste, headaches and even nasal deformities.
Nasal polyps can affect anyone, but they are more common in adults. Medications often shrink or eliminate nasal polyps, but sometimes surgery is needed to remove them. Even with successful treatment, nasal polyps usually reappear.
Nasal polyps can cause complications due to the blockage of the normal flow of air they cause and also to the chronic inflammation that lies behind their development. Possible complications include the following:
Obstructive sleep apnea. In this potentially dangerous disease, breathing usually stops and begins again during sleep.
Asthma flare Chronic rhinosinusitis often aggravates asthma.
Sinus infection. Nasal polyps can make you more susceptible to sinus infections, which often become chronic.
The surgery called nasal polypectomy is based on endoscopic techniques and consists of the use of an optical instrument or "endoscope" that is inserted through the nostrils, accessing the inside of the nostrils and ethmoid sinuses, allowing to extract the polyps in their entirety.
Below we offer the Medical Program for Surgery for Minimal Access Nasal polyps
Hospitalization (1 day)
Hospitalization in a private room (1 day, including meals and nursing care)
Attention of the attending physician for hospitalized patient. (medical round visit)
Initial evaluation and preparation of clinical history
Other medical checkups by specialists
Re-checkup by specialist.
Complete blood count
Blood group ABO and RH
Test of antibodies against HIV-1/2
Pathological anatomy research
Diagnostic biopsy of surgical pieces
TAC of coronal and axial perinasal sinuses
Unilateral simple nasal polypectomy
Medical report conclusions and recommendations
Note: Accommodation for 40.00 CUC per day with meals included.
Medications, disposable material, blood, derivatives or their substitutes and artificial support materials are excluded.
The medical programs are designed to perform the preoperative study on an outpatient basis. If the patient prefers to be hospitalized, the preoperative stay increases in two or three days depending on the scheduled surgery.
Minimal Access Surgery
TREATMENTS RELATED TO MINIMUM ACCESS SURGERIES