Role of the family in the Rehabilitation of Addicted Patients

Drug addiction is a disease that, like other diseases, requires medical attention and support from relatives and relatives of the sick. Due to negative social reasons surrounding the image of drug use, many patients and family members prefer to be treated in a place other than their residence, away from their daily environment.

It is important to break the routine and the usual temptations that trigger the abuse of drugs. In this way patients feel more relaxed and in a better disposition to follow the treatment that penetrates in depth to the physical and psychological roots of dependence. It is of paramount importance for the patient that the treatment is carried out in a pleasant and controlled environment.

The addicted patient and drug-dependent rehabilitation is not conceived without the participation of the family, conceiving its participation in several times of the process.

The accompanying family member must know the history of patient's illness as well as the family dynamics in which the patient develops in order to provide information that allows the patient to be fully evaluated,. This family member must also know the physical and human environment where the patient will stayñ must participate voluntarily in didactic, sports, recreational and social therapies, interacting with other patients and relatives, knowing the magnitude of the problem as a group phenomenon and is nourished by the satisfactory experiences of the TC; be informed, together with  the patient, on the Program and evaluation of functionability and dysfunction being carriied out in other to map strategies withing the family. They must  visit universities to know about posibilities of studies  and meet.

WHY IS THE PRESENCE OF A COMPANION NEEDED?

The rehabilitation of the addicted and drug-dependent patient is not conceived without the presence of the family, its participation being conceived at various stages of the process.

The accompanying family member must know the history of their disease as well as the family dynamics in which the patient develops, with the aim of:
  1. Provide information that allows comprehensive evaluation of the patient.
  2. Know the physical and human environment where the patient will stay.
  3. Participates voluntarily in didactic, sports, recreational and social therapies, interacting with other patients and relatives, knowing the magnitude of the problem as a group phenomenon and nourishing itself from the satisfactory experiences of the Therapeutic Community.
  4. Receive information on the therapeutic program with the patient in order to assess the functionality or dysfunction of the program within the family environment, which allows to draw approach strategies within the family.
  5. The family member together with the patient visit universities to find out about study possibilities after finishing their treatment.
  6. Accompanying person and patient will meet the interdisciplinary team of professionals and technicians who initially evaluate and then follow up with patients.

The companion and the patient make therapeutic and administrative contact with the aim of being instructed in different aspects such as:

  • Clinic regulations.
  • Criteria for admission and discharge of the patient, according to the requirements and provisions of the medical center.
  • Interruption of treatment, expulsion, legal connotation of the drug-dependent patient in Cuba and cost analysis).
The therapeutic team will maintain fluid communication with the patient's family, to whom it will be recommended to spend the last week of treatment in the Therapeutic Community. This will be done in order to incorporate it into the work of social reintegration of the patient as a vital affective link. Therapeutic suggestions of change or affective-behavioral modifications of the family towards the patient, given through the rehabilitation process of one of its members, will also be analyzed.

Important Information for Patients and Families

  1. In the 1st week of evaluation, the patient has no exits from the Therapeutic Community, except in exceptional cases.
  2. At the end of the evaluation week, a Diagnostic Impression (not conclusive) is reached and it is decided whether or not the patient stays in the Therapeutic Community.
  3. The first day and then weekly urine tests are performed to see positivity for drug use.
  4. Family members participate in all activities with their exceptions, at the recommendation of the therapeutic team.
  5. The family member has the right to stay in the Therapeutic Community for 15 days (according to the initial program), that is, in the evaluation stage and the first week of treatment.
  6. Then at the request of the family member and according to the analysis of convenience for the patient performed by the therapeutic team, the family member can continue in the Therapeutic Community.
  7. The medical team can determine the visit periods of the family member to the Therapeutic Community, to favor the treatment of the patient or the extension of the stay in the center.
  8. For therapeutic indication, the family member may be asked to withdraw from the Therainational Community due to bad relations with the patient or for the convenience of treatment, or to have another family member attend her place.
  9. It is recommended that the family participate at the discharge of the patient to participate in the DISCHARGE AGREEMENT (5 to 7 days before discharge).
  10. The rehabilitation of the addicted and drug-dependent patient is not conceived without the presence of the family, its participation being conceived at various stages of the process.
Rehabilitation Anti Drugs Strong, Alcoholism Drug Dependencies
Role of the family in the Rehabilitation of Addicted Patients
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